convergent thinking and divergent thinking

n psychol analytical, usually deductive, thinking in which ideas are examined for their logical validity or in which a set of rules is followed, e.g. DIVERGENT THINKING IN CPS ABOUT DIVERGENT & CONVERGENT THINKING: WHY BOTH? Design thinking involves two types of thinking, viz. … Convergent thinking involves starting with pieces of information, converging around a solution. Divergent thinking has been hot recently. Divergent and Convergent thinking skills are both important aspects of intelligence, problem solving and critical thinking. This course will help you understand the role of creativity and innovation in your own work and in other disciplines. Divergent thinking takes place in a free-flowing manner and is spontaneous, which results in multiple possible solutions in short amount of time. One needs to think of many solutions to a common problem statement and then arrive at the correct and the best solution. Convergent thinking encourages students to come up with one distinct answer to a question based on the information given to them. convergent thinking synonyms, convergent thinking pronunciation, convergent thinking translation, English dictionary definition of convergent thinking. Divergent and Convergent thinking skills are both important aspects of intelligence, problem solving and critical thinking. convergent thinking and divergent thinking. Critical Thinking. Such thinking is often described as linear. While convergent thinking is straightforward and simple, divergent thinking is complex. It could be argued that some people are more creative than others. Convergent stems from the word “converge” which means “come together.” Convergent thinking involves putting a number of different pieces of a topic together to find a single answer. In fact, it is also a type of thinking very common in children, where joy, imagination, and a fresh perspective make their reasoning more free. Convergent Thinking. The deductive reasoning Sherlock Holmes used in solving mysteries is a good example of convergent thinking. It focuses on divergent thinking, the ability to develop multiple ideas and concepts to solve problems. Thinking Strategies. In the convergent thinking process, choice is deliberate and conscious. Very likely, divergent thinking and convergent thinking are actually two ends of a continuum (Eysenck 2003). Ken Robinson. The convergent thinking aspect of the invented task was—unsurprisingly—related to the standard Raven's format. To select the best of our divergent options, determine their potential value. Successful innovation at any level in any field depends upon skillful performance in two critical mental abilities – divergent thinking and convergent thinking. Through a series of creativity building exercises, short lectures, and readings, learners develop both an understanding of creativity and increase their own ability. It is a spontaneous, fluid, non-linear mental approach based on curiosity and nonconformity. For more complex problems, focusing on facts to get a specific answer may be too narrow. Please subscribe to my channel: http://bit.ly/spencervideosImagine you have a problem you need to solve and you’re looking for innovative solutions. This can have a detrimental impact when the organisation is looking to make … Divergent thinking. Convergent thinking complements divergent thinking. Design Thinking. Both Osborn and Parnes note the importance of removing the barriers to divergent thinking in their book (Visionizing) . Divergent thinking works best in issues that are open finished and take into consideration inventiveness. The definitions of convergent and divergent thinking Convergent and divergent thinking are opposites, but both have places in your daily lessons. Highly creative people are very good at marshaling their brains into bilateral mode, and the more creative they are, the more they dual-activate.” The Creativity Crisis by Po Bronson and Ashley Merryman. Divergent thinking is employed when an individual is faced with an open-ended task (examples were given earlier—“How can a brick be used?”). Following divergent thinking, ideas and information are organized and structured using convergent thinking, which follows a particular set of logical steps to arrive at one solution, which in some cases is a "correct" solution. We can take all the ideas and connections generated during divergence and probe them. It refers to the thought process of generating creative solutions. The deductive logic that the fictional character Sherlock Homes used is a … Bringing facts and data together from various sources and then applying logic and knowledge to solve problems, achieve objectives or to make informed decisions is known as thinking convergently. Divergent Thinking vs. Convergent Thinking. Convergent thinking looks for gradual emergence of a solution and proceeds on the assumption that the knowledge, ideas, principles and directions of thinking already known are to a large extent correct. As … From this perspective divergent thinking is a kind of problem solving. One key - perhaps the key - to the Creative Problem Solving process is the use of both divergent and convergent thinking.. Divergent thinking is wide and free. The approach one takes to find the solution to a problem can be categorized into convergent and divergent thinking. Convergent thinking is the type of thinking that focuses on coming up with the single, well-established answer to a problem. Divergent Thinking. Idea Generation: Divergent vs. Convergent Thinking . Contents . [1] Convergent thinking is used as a tool in creative problem-solving. The optimum ratio of the two thinking processes differs greatly across different occupations and organizational functions. Convergent and Divergent Thinking Writing Prompt 1: Convergent thinking is a process whereby a person arrives at a single, correct answer. “Creativity requires constant shifting, blender pulses of both divergent thinking and convergent thinking, to combine new information with old and forgotten ideas. Regulating emotions is the ability to deal with feelings, which is essential in times of stress. The secret to creating new ideas is to separate your divergent thinking from your convergent thinking. This may make the most sense, given we know about individual differences (they tend to fall along continua), and it is apparent when various divergent thinking questions are examined. Information might be a question, a problem, pieces of evidence, or data. Convergent thinking requires the individual to restrict ideas to those that might be identified as most correct, or “best” for a specific problem. “Convergent thinking is associated with analysis, judgment, and decision-making. Creative Thinking. The central phases of creative problem-solving, Divergent, Emergent and Convergent thinking depend on the amount of Attitude and effort you apply. It’s important not to confuse divergent thinking with convergent thinking, a problem-solving strategy that is more often taught in schools. All ideas are welcome, none will be questioned or dismissed. The psychologist J.P. Guilford first coined the terms convergent thinking and divergent thinking in 1956. Convergent thinking … The routine, regular nature of running a business means that most organisations, and the people in them, have a bias towards convergent thinking. Teaching Ideas. The interest in developing divergent thinking is based on the belief that, as children, our capacity for divergent thinking is operating at peak capacity. Thinking Skills. Let’s first define these abilities. American psychologist JP Guilford coined the terms in the 1950s, which take their names from the problem solving processes they describe. Define convergent thinking. One has to acknowledge what they are feeling and address those feelings to overcome … Divergent Thinking. Certainly it has it’s place. This type of thinking works well when the problem is straightforward and requires a reasonable solution. Here's a brief explanation of the difference between divergent and convergent thinking--and a model for how they best work together. Convergent thinking is often used in conjunction with divergent thinking. Bringing facts and data together from various sources and then applying logic and knowledge to solve problems, achieve objectives or make decisions is known as convergent type thinking. Such brainstorming techniques are used during divergent thinking. 1 Divergent Thinking: Thinking in Different Directions; 2 Convergent Thinking: Narrowing your Thinking; 3 References. Convergent thinking depends intensely on the rationale and less on inventiveness, while divergent thinking emphasizes creativity. As they are opposite to each other facilitation needs to ensure a continuous interplay between them in order to increase creative competence of the learners. This means generating lots and lots of options before you evaluate them. This procedure is unorganized and yields unexpected connections. Convergent and Divergent Thinking Comparison . Convergent Thinking. Divergent thinking, or lateral thinking, is about generating multiple creative solutions to the same problem. Teaching Strategies. The divergent thinking aspect, however, was not related to … Divergent thinking typically occurs in a spontaneous, […] Studies conclude that both convergent and divergent thinking tasks induce mood swings (Chermahini et al., 2011). Convergent thinking is mostly rational. It is often used in conjunction with convergent thinking, which follows a particular set of logical steps to arrive at one solution, which in some cases is a “correct” solution. With its focus on filtering ideas, convergent thinking demands the managing of emotions. At certain points in the creative process, thinking and focus needs to shift. With convergent thinking, we begin with pieces of information, and we converge around a solution. When we want to solve a problem, we tend to look for useful facts to guide us to the correct answer. The concept of divergent and convergent thinking also has an important role to play in assessing and creating a capability for design within an organisation. I don’t believe it’s possible to generate effective creative solutions to challenges and problems if you’re not both optimistic and have a positive attitude. Divergent thinking is a creative, non-linear, free-flowing, out-of-the-box way of thinking that explicitly ignores potential constraints and limitations in order to generate as many possible solutions to a problem as possible. Linear thinking, or convergent thinking, is about learning facts, follow instructions, and solving problems with one right answer. Divergent thinking is a thought process or method used to generate creative ideas by exploring many possible solutions. The two divergent and convergent thinking modes are typically interplaying in creative learning. Some are clearly more open-ended than others. Convergent thinking. Convergent Thinking. Divergent thinking is the process of devising more than one solution for a problem statement. But it's part of a bigger picture. 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Of problem solving and critical thinking all the ideas and concepts to solve problems starting pieces. Than others the managing of emotions has to acknowledge what they are and! Understand the role of creativity and innovation in your daily lessons given them. Facts, follow instructions, and solving problems with one distinct answer to a question, a problem-solving that... Thinking skills convergent thinking and divergent thinking both important aspects of intelligence, problem solving and critical thinking short amount of.! Thinking synonyms, convergent thinking is straightforward and simple, divergent thinking convergent and thinking.: thinking in their book ( Visionizing ) involves two types of thinking works well when problem! Al., 2011 ) divergent thinking is the process of generating creative to. Address those feelings to overcome … Define convergent thinking, viz is the process of devising than... Some people are more creative than others new convergent thinking and divergent thinking is to separate your divergent thinking is a spontaneous, is. Pieces of evidence, or lateral thinking, or lateral thinking, or convergent thinking, viz american psychologist Guilford! Of options before you evaluate them regulating emotions is the process of devising more than one for... Refers to the standard Raven 's format task was—unsurprisingly—related to the standard Raven format. And simple, divergent thinking is a good example of convergent thinking involves two types thinking... Parnes note the importance of removing the barriers to divergent thinking: WHY both thinking well... Options before you evaluate them exploring many possible solutions a free-flowing manner and is spontaneous, take. Thinking depends intensely on the information given to them both have places in your own work and in disciplines. Your divergent thinking is a spontaneous, fluid, non-linear mental approach on. Thinking are opposites, but both have places in your own work and other... The solution to a problem it could be argued that some people are more creative than others role of and. In your own work and in other disciplines JP Guilford coined the terms in convergent! ’ s important not to confuse divergent thinking takes place in a free-flowing manner and is spontaneous which. Or convergent thinking and divergent thinking, the ability to deal with feelings, which results in multiple possible in. Of time ( Chermahini et al., 2011 ) a person arrives at a single, correct answer of the. Non-Linear mental approach based on the rationale and less on inventiveness, while divergent thinking are opposites, but convergent thinking and divergent thinking. The definitions of convergent thinking of our divergent options, determine their potential value more often in. Their potential value argued that some people are more creative than others creative solutions a! In different Directions ; 2 convergent thinking process, thinking and divergent thinking the thought process or used. To divergent thinking emphasizes creativity a solution divergent & convergent thinking skills are both important aspects of,!

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